Policy measures other than tariffs can impact on international trade. These 'non-tariff measures' can be applied to protect human, animal and plant health and safety, to protect the environment or to achieve other legitimate public policy objectives.
However, where non-tariff measures unnecessarily or unjustifiably restrict the flow of goods and services, they may become 'non-tariff barriers' to trade. As free trade agreements open new export opportunities, non-tariff barriers can pose market access challenges for governments and businesses. Some examples of non-tariff barriers include:
- certification requirements for animal and plant products that are arbitrary or not supported by science
- non-transparent or inconsistently applied product or packaging standards
- competition and government procurement policies that are in breach of trade agreements
- excessively onerous process and procedural conditions
- unnecessarily burdensome domestic regulatory requirements
Significant market access and economic gains can come from addressing non-tariff barriers and the Australian Government has stepped up its efforts to address those barriers of concern to Australian exporters.
- What is a Non-Tariff Barrier?
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Find out how the Australian Government is tackling non-tariff trade barriers to open market opportunities for exporters.
- Support for businesses in Australia
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Find out about the range of government services available to support businesses through COVID-19 and beyond.